Kimchi is a popular Korean dish that has been around for over a thousand years. It is a traditional side dish made from salted and fermented vegetables, usually cabbage or radish, and seasoned with a variety of spices such as garlic, ginger, chilli powder, and fish sauce. It is often referred to as Korea’s national dish and is an essential part of Korean cuisine. Kimchi has been gaining popularity around the world because of its unique taste and health benefits. Kimchi has a sour, spicy, and salty flavour that is both delicious and nutritious.

Kimchi Vegetables in a bowl

Origins and History of Kimchi

The origins of Kimchi can be traced back to ancient times in Korea, over 3,000 years ago, where it was created as a way of preserving vegetables during the long cold winter months when fresh produce was scarce. The dish evolved over time, with different regions and families developing their own unique recipes and techniques for making Kimchi. Over time it became a staple of the Korean diet and is now considered to be a national dish.

Today, there are over 200 different types of Kimchi, each with its own unique flavour, texture, and level of spiciness. Kimchi has become a staple food in Korean households and is enjoyed with almost every meal as a side dish.

Health Benefits of Kimchi

Kimchi is not only delicious but also incredibly healthy. It is a good source of vitamins A, C, and K, as well as beneficial bacteria that help to improve gut health and boost the immune system. 

The fermentation process of Kimchi creates lactic acid bacteria, which are known to have numerous health benefits. These bacteria help to improve gut health by promoting the growth of healthy bacteria in the gut, which can help to reduce inflammation, boost the immune system, and improve digestion.

Kimchi also contains high levels of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds, which have been shown to help protect against chronic diseases.

Different types of Kimchi

There are many different variations of kimchi, each with its own unique flavour. Some of the most popular types of kimchi include:

  • Napa cabbage kimchi: This is the most common type of kimchi and is made with napa cabbage, garlic, ginger, red chilli pepper, and fish sauce.
  • Radish kimchi: This type of kimchi is made with radish, garlic, ginger, red chilli pepper, and fish sauce.
  • Cucumber kimchi: This type of kimchi is made with cucumber, garlic, ginger, red chilli pepper, and fish sauce.

If you are looking for a delicious and nutritious way to add some Korean flavour to your diet, kimchi is a great option.

How to Enjoy Kimchi

Kimchi can be enjoyed in a variety of ways, and it is incredibly versatile. It can be eaten as a side dish, added to soups, stews, and rice dishes, as a condiment or even used as a topping for burgers and tacos.

One of the most popular ways to enjoy Kimchi is in Kimchi Fried Rice. Simply fry some cooked rice with Kimchi, vegetables, and a protein of your choice for a delicious and satisfying meal.

Another popular dish is Kimchi Jjigae, a spicy stew made with pork belly, and Kimchi. This hearty and flavorful stew is a staple in Korean cuisine and is perfect for cold winter nights.

How to make Kimchi

cabbage, onion, carrot, radish


Making Kimchi at home may seem intimidating at first, but it's relatively easy once you get used to the process. To make your own Kimchi, start with a clean preserving jar or fermentation crock. The vegetables are shredded before joining spices like gochugaru (Korean red pepper flakes), garlic, ginger and fish sauce in a large bowl.
After mixing thoroughly, pack the mixture tightly into jars or crocks until all air pockets are removed - too much air could cause spoilage instead of fermentation over time. Store your jars at room temperature for about 3 days before transferring them to cold storage.
Prep Time 15 minutes
30 minutes
Course Condiment, Side Dish
Cuisine Asian, Korean
Servings 10 side dish


  • 1 Preserving jar


  • 1 napa cabbage, shredded Alternatively you can use white cabbage or sweet pointy cabbage
  • 2 carrots, grated
  • 4 radish, grated
  • 1 onion, sliced
  • 3 cloves garlic, minced
  • 1 tablespoon ginger, grated
  • 1/2 teaspoon dried chilli flakes Ideally Korean chilli flakes, gochugaru
  • 1 tablespoon celtic sea salt


  • 1. Mix the vegetables with the salt in a bowl and leave it standing for about 30 minutes so that the cells can start breaking down and the fluids of the cabbage will start flowing.
  • 2. Check after 30 minutes and see whether the fluids are flowing.
  • 3. Add the chilli flakes, garlic and ginger to the vegetables.
  • 4. Transfer the cabbage to the preserving jar and press it down firmly as you want to make sure that there are no air pockets in the cabbage as lactic acid fermentation is an anaerobic process.
  • 5. Leave it at room temperature for about 3 days to kickstart the fermentation process. After that you can transfer it to cold storage to let it ferment for a couple of weeks.
  • 6. We like to leave it to ferment for about a month before we start eating it, but it can already be eaten after a week of fermentation.


Here are some tips for making kimchi at home:
  • Choose fresh vegetables. The fresher the vegetables, the better the kimchi will taste.
  • Use high-quality organic ingredients. The quality of the ingredients will make a big difference in the flavour of the kimchi.
  • Don't be afraid to experiment. There are many different variations of kimchi, so don't be afraid to experiment with different ingredients and flavours.
Keyword Fermentation, GAPS, Keto, Low Carb, NT, Paleo, Primal, SCD, Vegetarian, WAPF


Kimchi is a delicious and healthy Korean dish that has been enjoyed for centuries. Its unique flavour, nutritional benefits, and versatility make it a popular choice for anyone looking to add more flavour and nutrition to their diet. Whether eaten as a side dish, added to a stir-fry, or used as a topping for your favourite foods, Kimchi is sure to be a hit with anyone who tries it.

Now that you know how to make Kimchi at home, why not give it a try? It’s an excellent way to add a healthy probiotic food to your diet while also enjoying delicious Korean cuisine!